Biology


LÍFF2NL05(ms) - New life

In this course various basic concepts in biology are discussed along with the cell which is the smallest form of life. Life forms that employ different ways to procreate are also introduced. Human sexual organs are especially dealt with and hormonal function in relation to this. A part of the course is sex education with an introduction of the main sexually transmitted diseases and birth control. Classical genetics is then studied and how specific traits are passed on from one generation to another. Finally evolution studies are dealt with and how mutations have lead to the evolution of life.

LÍFF2NH05(ms) - Nutrition and exercise

In the course attention is aimed at bodily functions related to the processing and use of nutrition and basic functions connected to the mobility of the body. Inorganic and organic materials the body uses for development and metabolism are studied.  Also studied are the structure and function of respiratory organs, the blood vascular system, the musculoskeletal system, and the digestive system. Students observe the effects of nutrition on bodily function and in continuation look at different theories on a suitable diet. The reaction of the body to exertion will be studied, such as changes in pulse and blood pressure. Ecology is woven into the course and especially the flow of energy between life forms, the circulation of material and human influence on these factors. These factors are linked to the discussion of the food source.Prerequisite: LÍFF2NL05(ms).

LÍFF2BL05(ms) - Communication between life forms

The theme of this course is communication within and between life forms in a wide sense. Here various life forms that have differently complex systems of communication are introduced.  Then the focus is shifted to man. Studied are the structure and function of two of the main systems of signal transduction in the human body, the endoctrine system and the nervous system. Studied are the effects of chemicals such as drugs on the brain, memory formation, study centres, etc.  The studied are sensors and sense organs. Healthy bodily function is discussed but also deviations from normal bodily function e.g. a disorder of natural cellular communication which lead to cancer formation. Ecotoxicology is studied in the course and looked at how and which polluting factors in the environment can have an effect on a signaling system. Finally, ecosystems in the nordic regions are dealt with and studied in what way such ecosystems are sensitive to disruption by humans.Prerequisite: LÍFF2NH05(ms).


LÍFF3AT05(ms) - Ethology

In this course the evolution and genetics of animal ethology is studied. Compared are inherited and learned behaviour. Studied especially is the different mode of communication of animals both with the species and between species. Dissected are the social system of specific animal species, mating ritual, food selection and altruism or the individuals own concerns within the species. Animal behaviour will be linked to ecology and studied in relation to selection of habitat and other factors. Studied are the effects of behaviour on the population growth of life forms. Observations on animal behaviour and conduct and attempts made to find reasons and purpose for their behaviour. Animal organs and bodyparts connected to behaviour and conduct are studied, such as the ink gland in a squid.Prerequisite: LÍFF2BL05(ms).

LÍFF3ÖF05(ms) - Microbiology

The concept mirobes is defined and the main groups of life forms that fall under it are studied. The main emphasis, though, is on bacteria and viruses. The evolution of life from prokaryotic life forms to more complex ones is studied. Also studied is the role of microbes in ecosystems and the importance of bacteria in the daily life of humans. Introduced are different groups of pathogenic microbes, analysis and treatment of them. Studied are the basic factors of the human immune system and its reaction to infections. Discussed is the danger we face from continually increasing number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and looked at the main ways people see in leading to a new generation of antibiotics. Vacciations such as inoculations are introduced. Finally, the practical uses of microbes are mentioned, such as in biotechnology, genetics and other industry.Prerequisite: LÍFF2BL05(ms).

LÍFF3LO05(ms) - Final project in biology

This course takes notes of research and documentation. Emphasis is placed on the student being able to integrate the knowledge and skills he/she has learned in previous courses. The main goal of the course is break down walls between previous courses and subjects, refresh the material from them and place it in a wider context than has previously been done. Each student does an individual research project. Students conduct research in groups and write a research report and create a poster based on the research. They introduce their research for their fellow students in a lecture. They also introduce their poster at a conference here in the school. Students choose the components in consultation with the teacher each time. Students' independent work is focused on with the teacher's guidance.

Prerequisite: LÍFF3AT05(ms) or LÍFF3ÖF05(ms).

Síðast uppfært: 29.01.2019